No child chooses to be homeless.


In the United States where an abundance of resources are available, no child should ever have to experience homelessness.

According to a research study conducted by Chapin Hall at The University of Chicago, in the United States an estimated 4.2 million young people (ages 13-25) experience homelessness each year, including an estimated 700,000 unaccompanied minors ages 13 to 17. Many of those young people will become victims of sex or labor trafficking. Research from numerous studies have found that 19% -40% of youth and young adults who experience homelessness also have experienced trafficking. Although the varying populations and methods of these studies do not allow for a definitive number, this means, using the lower end estimates, that about 800,000 of the youth and young adults who experience homelessness in a year may also be victims of sex or labor trafficking in cities, suburbs, rural communities, and American Indian Reservations across the country.

Some youth experiencing homelessness are even more vulnerable to trafficking than these incredibly high numbers suggest, and interviews with these youth illustrate some common themes and pathways:


  • Basic needs, such as the lack of a safe place to sleep at night, often play a role in their trafficking experiences.

  • Homelessness and trafficking begin early, often well before age 18.

  • LGBTQ youth and youth who have been in foster care experience trafficking at higher rates than other youth experiencing homelessness.

  • Girls and young women are more likely to experience trafficking, but boys and young men also experience high levels of trafficking.

  • Youth experiencing homelessness who have also been victims of sex trafficking are more likely to have mental health and substance use issues, to have experienced physical and emotional abuse by parents or guardians, and to have a history of sexual abuse.

Using this research, policymakers, service providers, and advocates can and must bring about change to meet the basic needs of young people to prevent and address homelessness and trafficking.


Join EMPACT as we fight to ensure that more effective approaches and solutions are implemented that will meet the scaling needs of our young people right here in America.


Three Things YOU Can Do


   1. Call your U.S. Representatives and ask them to (the U.S. Capitol Switchboard can connect you: 202.224.3121):

          – Cosponsor the Runaway and Homeless Youth and Trafficking Prevention Act (RHYTPA S. /H.R.)

          – Support full funding for Runaway and Homeless Youth Act programs at $165 million


   2. Join NN4Y as a member.


   3. Support your local youth service provider.  Find one near you here.